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Allâhu Ta'âlâ Has Created Everything

Everything other than Allâhu ta'âlâ is called the ma-siwâ or 'âlam (the creation, the universe), which is called "nature" now. All creatures were nonexistent. Allâhu ta'âlâ is the One who has created them all. They all are mumkin (that may come into existence out of nonexistence) and hâdith (that came into being out of nothing); that is, they may come into existence while they are nonexistent, and they came into existence while they had been nonexistent. The hadîth-i-sherîf, 'Allâhu ta'âlâ was existent, anything else did not exist,' shows that this is true.

A second evidence showing that the entire universe and all creatures are hâdith is the fact that creatures are transforming and changing into one another all the time; in fact, anything qadîm (without a beginning) should never change. Allâhu ta'âlâ's Dhât (Person, Essence) and Attributes are qadîm and never change. However, in the universe the state of substances changes in physical events. In chemical reactions, the essence or structure of substances changes. We see objects or substances cease to exist and change into other substances. Today, in atomic changes and nuclear reactions, which have been discovered recently, the matter or element, too, ceases existing and turns into energy. The changes in creatures cannot be coming from the eternal past. They should have a beginning and come into existence from elements or substances, which must have been created out of nonexistence.

Another evidence for the fact that the universe is mumkin, that is, it may come into being out of nonexistence, is that creatures, as we see, are hâdith; that is, they come into existence out of nothing.