Breadcrumbs

Hadrat Muhammad's Ummat





According to the Ahl as-sunnat [1], Hadrat [2] Muhammad's Ummat [3] is higher than the ummats of other prophets. And the highest ones of this Ummat are the Sahaba [4], who had iman (belief) in him, who were honoured with seeing his blessed face, and all of whom obeyed him and sacrificed their possessions and lives for his sake. It was their first duty to do his commands, and they were his assistants in everything he did. And the highest ones of the Sahaba were those heroes who paid their homage to Rasulullah and promised him that they were ready to die for his sake in Hudaybiyya. They were fourteen hundred people. The highest ones among them are those who were in the holy war of Badr, who were, like the soldiers of Talut, three hundred and thirteen people. [Also, there are three hundred and thirteen letters in the first volume of Hadrat Imam-i Rabbani's Maktubat.]

The highest among them are the forty people who became Muslim first and the fortieth one is Hadrat 'Umar 'radiyallahu anh'. Thirty-four of them are men and six are women. The highest among them are the Ashara-i mubashshara, that is, the people who were given the glad tidings that they would go to Paradise. These are Abu Bakr, 'Umar, 'Uthman, 'Ali, Talha, Zubayr bin Awwam, Abdurrahman bin Awf, Sa'd ibni Abi Waqqas, Sa'id bin Zayd, Abu Ubayda bin Jarrah. Their highest ones are the Khulafa-i rashidin, that is, the four Khalifas [5], and the highest among them is Abu Bakr, then 'Umar, then Uthman, and then Ali 'radiyallahu anhum ajma'in'.

[1] Ahl as-Sunna (wa'l-Jama'a): the true pious Muslims who follow as-Sahabat al-kiram. These are called Sunni Muslims. A Sunni Muslim adapts himself to one of the four Madhhabs. These madhhabs are Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi'i and Hanbali.
[2] Hadrat: title of respect used before the names of great people like and Islamic scholars.
[3] umma(t) followers of Muhammad ('alaihi 's-salam); the community, body of believers, of a prophet.
[4] Sahaba: if a Muslim has seen the Prophet, or talked to him, at least once when the Prophet was alive, he is called Sahabi. Plural form of Sahabi is Sahaba or As'hab. The word Sahaba-i kiram includes all those great people each of whom has seen the Prophet at least once. The lowest of the Sahaba is much higher than the highest of other Muslims. If a person has not seen the Prophet but has seen or talked to one of the Sahaba at least once, he is called Tabi'. Its plural form is Tabi'in. In other words, the Tabi'in are the successors of the Sahaba. If a person has not seen any of the Sahaba but has seen at least one of the Tabi'in, he is called Taba'i Tabi'in. The Sahaba, the Tabi'in and the Taba'i tabi'in altogether are called the Salaf-i salihin (the early savants).
[5] khalifa: (p. khulafa') caliph; Khulafa' ar-Rashidin, the Prophet's immediate four caliphs.