Breadcrumbs

Mi'râc

One of the miracles of Rasûlullah (sall-Allâhu ta'âlâ 'alaihi wa sallam) was his ascent to the Mi'râj; while he was asleep in al-Mekkat al-Mukarrama, he was awakened and his blessed body was taken to the Aqsâ Mosque in Jerusalem (Quds), thence to the heavens, and after the seventh heaven, to the places which Allâhu ta'âlâ determined.

We have to believe in the Mi'râj in this manner. How the Mi'râj happened is written in detail in many valuable books, particularly in Shifâ'-i sherîf. He went with Jabrâ'îl ('alaihi's-salâm) from Mekka to Sidrat al-muntahâ, a tree in the sixth and seventh heavens. No knowledge, no ascent could go further than there. In Sidra, Rasûlullah ('alaihi 's-salâm) saw Jabrâ'îl ('alaihi 's-salâm) in his own shape with his six hundred wings. Jabrâ'îl ('alaihi 's-salâm) remained in Sidra. From Mekka to Jerusalem, or to the seventh heaven, Rasûlullah ('alaihi 's-salâm) was taken on Burâq, which was a white, very fast, sexless and unworldly animal of Paradise and which is smaller than a mule and bigger than an ass. Each of its steps reached beyond eyeshot.

At the Aqsâ Mosque, Rasûlullah ('alaihi 's-salâm) became the imâm for prophets in the night or morning prayer. Prophets' souls were present there in their own human figures. From Jerusalem up to the seventh heaven, he was made to ascend in a moment with an unknown ladder named Mi'râj. On the way, angels lined up on the right and on the left, praised and lauded him. At each heaven, Jabrâ'îl ('alaihi 's-salâm) announced the good news of Rasûlullah's ('alaihi 's-salâm) arrival. In each heaven he saw a prophet and greeted him.

In Sidra, he saw many astonishing things, the blessings of Paradise and the tortures of Hell. He looked at none of the blessings of Paradies out of the desire for and the pleasure of seeing Allâhu ta'âlâ's Jamâl. Beyond Sidra, he went ahead alone, among nûrs (radiances). He heard the sounds of the angels' pens. He went through seventy thousand curtains. The distance between two curtains was like a way of five hundred years. After this, on a bed named Rafraf, which was brighter than the sun, he went through the Kursî and reached the 'Arsh. He went out of the 'Arsh, out of the worlds of time, space and matter. He reached the stage to hear Allâhu ta'âlâ's Speech.

He saw Allâhu ta'âlâ in a manner that cannot be understood or explained, like Allâhu ta'âlâ will be seen in the next world without time and space. He spoke with Allâhu ta'âlâ without letters and sounds. He glorified, praised and lauded Him. He was given innumerable gifts and honours. Fifty times of performance of salât in a day were made fard for him and for his umma, but this was gradually reduced to five times a day with the mediation of Mûsâ ('alaihi 's-salâm). Before this, salât had been performed only in the mornings and in the afternoons or at nights.

After such a long journey, having attained gifts and blessings and having seen and heard so many bewildering things, he came back to his bed, which had not become cold yet. What we have written above was understood partly from âyats and partly from hadîths. It is not wâjib to believe all. Yet, since the scholars of Ahl as-Sunna communicated them, those who deny these facts will be separated from Ahl as-sunna. And he who does not believe an âyat or a hadîth becomes a disbeliever.