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Riyâzat And Mujâhada (Part 2)

Imâm al-Ghazâlî 'rahimahullâhu ta'âlâ' says, "The body gets tired and does not want to move when one is consumed in excessive worshipping. At such instances one should comfort the body by either sleeping or reading the life stories of pious Muslims or by permissible entertainment. Doing these actions is better than worshipping without real desire." The purpose of worshipping is to tame the nafs by way of mujâhada, on the one hand, and to attach the heart to Allâhu ta'âlâ by infusing it with elation, on the other. Rasûlullah 'sall-Allâhu 'alaihi wa sal-lam' states as follows in a hadîth-i-sherîf: "Salât protects one from committing lowly and ugly actions." This protection can only be obtained by performing the salât with strong desire and joy. Obtaining this strong desire and joy requires satisfying the permissible desires of the nafs as much as necessary. Following these guidelines means obedience to Islam. Permissible things which enhance the performance of worships are acts of worship themselves. The hadîth-i-sherîf which reads, "The sleep of a scholar is better than the worship of an ignoramus," attests to our argument. It is makrûh, for instance, to perform the salât of tarâwih in a dozy manner. It should be performed with elation after getting rid of doziness. A salât performed amidst short dozes will cause slackness and oblivion.

[One should not be misguided by the above writings into the supposition that one could cease from performing worships because one is tired of performing them. In case of tiredness and languor, acts of worship are postponed; they are not omitted. It is a grave sin to omit those acts of worship that are farz without (excuses which Islam dictates and which are called) 'udhr. (In case they are omitted, even for reasons which Islam justifies,) it is farz (obligatory) to make qadâ of them, (i.e. to perform them later.) And it is wâjib to make qadâ of those omitted acts of worship which are wâjib. If a person omits those acts of worship which are sunnat, he will be deprived of their thawâb. If he omits them habitually without any 'udhr, he will be deprived (in the Hereafter) of the shafâ'at, (i.e. intercession of Rasûlullah) assigned for those acts of sunnat. Being tired or exhausted or reluctant is not an 'udhr (excuse) for postponing acts of farz until the time prescibed for their performance is over. Nor will it absolve the person guilty of the omission from the sin or the torment for the sin. It is written in the books teaching Islam's credal tenets that it causes a state of kufr (disbelief) to disignore (Islam's injunctions called) farz and harâm. Islam's enemies are trying to misguide the younger generation on this vital point and thereby to demolish Islam from the interior. The one and only way of developing immunity from their misguidance is to read books of fiqh and 'ilm al-hâl written by scholars of Ahl as-sunnat and thereby to acquire effective information about farâiz (pl. of farz) and harâms.]