Sadaqa Fitr (Part 2)

He who has the nisab [1] of fitra and Qurban is called rich. It is wajib [2] for him to give fitra. And if he is mukallaf [3], which means discreet, pubert and settled (not travelling), it is also wajib to perform the Qurban only for himself. It is haram [4] for him to take zakat [5], and wajib to support his poor male relatives who cannot work and his poor mahram [6] female relatives.

Basic needs include a house, a month's food, three suits each year, underwears, things and gadgets used in the house, servants, means of transportation, books on one's profession, whatever their value, and one's debt. They do not have to exist. If they exist they are not included in the calculation of nisab for zakat, fitra and Qurban. Those possessions that are not intended for trade and are more than one's need, one's houses rented out, ornamental things in one's house, carpets that are not laid on the floor, spare furniture that is not used, and tools of art and trade are not considered as necessary property in this respect. They are included in the calculation of nisab for fitra and Qurban. If the house one is living in is big, it is sahih that the spare rooms that one does not use are not included in the nisab.

[1] nisab: minimum quantity of specified wealth which makes one liable to do some certain duties.
[2] wajib: (act, thing) never omitted by the Prophet, so almost as compulsory as fard and not to be omitted. Wajib al-wujud: Being whose existence is indispensable and nonexistence is impossible.
[3] mukallaf: a person who is discreet and has reached the age of puberty [the age when he or she has begun to become junub and must perform the ablution of ghusl].
[4] haram: an action, word or thought prohibited by Allahu ta'ala.
[5] zakat: (fard duty of giving annually) certain amount of certain kinds of property to certain kinds of people, by which the remaining property becomes purified and blessed and the Muslim who gives it protects himself against being (called) a miser. See chapter 1 in Endless Bliss V.
[6] mahram: within the forbidden (haram) degrees of relationship for marriage (nikah).