The Fear Of Being Accused Of Havingfaults (Part 1)

One of the maladies of the heart is to worry and become sad because of ill treatment by other people, such as their unjust criticism or gossip. The third reason which causes "kufr al-juhudi" is being ashamed of other people and also being in fear of other people thinking that they will find you at fault and will gossip about you. This is the exact reason why Abu Talib stayed as a disbeliever. Abu Talib was the father of Hadrat [1] Ali 'radiy-Allahu 'anh' and the uncle of Rasulullah 'sall- Allahu 'alaihi wa sal-lam'. Abu Talib knew that Rasulullah was the Prophet. He did not join the ranks of Muslims because he thought that people would blame him and talk ill of him. While Abu Talib was in the stage of death, Rasulullah 'sall-Allahu 'alaihi wa sal-lam' visited him and said to him, "O my uncle! Please say 'la ilaha illallah' so that I may intercede for you!" He replied, "O my brother's son! I know you are telling the truth. But I don't want people to say that I became a Muslim because of the fear of death." It is written in Tafsir Baydawi that the fiftysixth ayat [2] of Sura [3] Qasas, which purports, "It is true thou wilt not be able to guide every one, whom thou lovest; ..," (28-56) was revealed upon this incident. According to a narration, the following event is reported to have taken place: The leaders of the disbelievers of the Quraish clan came to Abu Talib and said to him, "You are our leader! We obey your orders. But, we are afraid that after you pass away, the animosity between us and Muhammad will continue. Tell him not to censure our religion." Abu Talib sent for Rasulullah 'sall-Allahu 'alaihi wa sallam' and related to him what they had said. And, upon understanding that Rasulullah will not make peace with them, he said some words which could be interpreted as he was ready to accept Islam, so Rasulullah 'sall-Allahu 'alaihi wa sallam' told him that he should declare his belief. Abu Talib answered, "I would have loved to make you happy by declaring my belief if I were not afraid of the people's gossip and ill talk." As he was taking his last breaths, he said some words which was very difficult to hear. In order to hear what he was saying, Abdullah ibn Abbas drew near him and said that he was declaring his belief.

[1] Hadrat: title of respect used before the names of great people like and Islamic scholars.
[2] ayat: A verse of al-Qur'an al-karim; al-ayat al-karima.
[3] suura(t): a Qur'anic chapter [a chapter of the Qur'an].