The Fear Of Being Accused Of Havingfaults (Part 2)

The issue of Abu Talib's belief is among doubtful matters. According to "Ahl as-Sunnat [1] scholars" he did not believe. Imam a'zam Abu Hanifa 'rahimahullahu ta'ala' said that Abu Talib had passed away as a disbeliever. Hadrat [2] Ali 'radiy- Allahu ta'ala 'anh' came to Rasulullah 'sall-Allahu 'alaihi wa sallam' and said to him, "Your uncle who was in the wrong path passed away!" Rasulullah 'sall-Allahu 'alaihi wa sal-lam' replied, "Wash him, wrap him with special clothing 'kafan' and than bury him! We will pray for him until we are prohibited to do so." For a few days he did not go out of his house and prayed much for him. When some of the Sahaba heard about this, they also started to pray for their relatives who had passed away as disbelievers. Upon this the hundred and thirteenth ayat-i-karima [3] of Sura [4] Tawba descended, declaring, "Prophet and Believers should not pray or ask forgiveness for disbelievers even though they may be their relatives." Rasulullah 'sall-Allahu 'alaihi wa sallam' states in a hadith-i-sharif [5] : "On the day of Judgement, Abu Talib will be the disbeliever whose punishment will be the lightest. He will wear slippers made of fire and from their heat, his brain will boil up." The following reasoning is recommended as a medication against the fear of being blamed and mocked: If their blames reflect the truth, they are showing me my defects. I am resolved not to do these actions. In addition to the real solace inherent in this reasoning, one should feel thankful to one's criticizers. They informed Hasan al-Basri 'rahimahullahu ta'ala' that someone was backbiting him. He sent a plate full of sweets to his backbiter with the following message: "I hear that you have been giving me your thawabs (rewards). So I am sending you these sweets to thank you!" They told Imam a'zam Abu Hanifa 'rahimahullahu ta'ala' that someone was backbiting him. Imam a'zam sent a bag of gold coins to the backbiter and said, "If he increases the thawabs that he is giving us, we will likewise increase our gift of gold!" If ill talk is a lie and slander, it will harm the person who perpetrates it. A person who is slandered should think and comfort himself by saying to himself, "His thawabs will be given to me and my sins will be given to him." Slandering and carrying words between Muslims is worse than backbiting.

[1] Ahl as-Sunna (wa'l-Jama'a): the true pious Muslims who follow as-Sahabat al-kiram. These are called Sunni Muslims. A Sunni Muslim adapts himself to one of the four Madhhabs. These madhhabs are Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi'i and Hanbali.
[2] Hadrat: title of respect used before the names of great people like and Islamic scholars.
[3] ayat: A verse of al-Qur'an al-karim; al-ayat al-karima.
[4] suura(t): a Qur'anic chapter [a chapter of the Qur'an].