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What Does Mu'jiz Mean?

Mu'jiz means that which happens at one time and bears a great value because it cannot be done by most people of that time and which has been done at the highest level by those who have been able to do it and which it is unanimously admitted will not be surpassed by human power and which could be surpassed, if ever, only by a person who is believed to manage it by Allâhu ta'âlâ's Will. Something without these qualities cannot be called a mu'jiza.

Magic was known as such during the time of the Prophet Mûsâ ''alaihi 's-salâm'; in those days, those who practised sorcery knew that the highest degree of magic was to conjure up unreal, nonexistent things or illusions in [others'] imagination as if they were existent. When they saw that the rod of Mûsâ ''alaihi 's-salâm' became a large serpent and ate the snakes which were of their own witchery, they saw that it was beyond the boundaries of magic and above human power. Thus they believed [in the prophethood of] Mûsâ ''alaihi 's-salâm'. Pharaoh, being unaware of this reality, had the wrong impression that Mûsâ ''alaihi 's-salâm' was the leader of the wizards and taught them magic.

The same was the case with medicine during the time of 'Îsâ ''alaihi 's-salâm'; it was at a very advanced level. Doctors took pride in their achievements. Famous specialists said that their medical knowledge would not suffice to revivify the dead or to open the eyes of congenitally blind people. They believed that such people could be cured only by Allâhu ta'âlâ.

During the time of Muhammad ''alaihi 's-salâm' the arts of poetry and eloquence had reached the highest levels. Poets boasted to one another about the eloquence in their poetry. In fact, the seven odes with the best prosody won the admiration of poets and were hung on the door of the Ka'ba. No one could write the like of them. This is written in detail in history books. When Rasûlullah 'sall-Allâhu 'alaihi wa sallam' brought the Qur'ân al-kerîm, conflicts arose among the people. Some denied the fact that it was the Word of Allâhu ta'âlâ and died as unbelievers. Some poets, seeing the i'jâz in Qur'ân al-kerîm's eloquence, realized that it was the Word of Allah and became Muslims.