Qada For The Fast

It means to fast one day for one day, which can be performed on different days as well as on successive days. If another Ramadan intervenes while one is fasting intermittently, one fasts for the Ramadan first. A person who is so old that he will not be able to perform the fast of Ramadan or his fasts of qada till his death, and an ill person whose recovery is beyond hope, must eat secretly. If he is rich, for each day he gives one fitra, that is, five hundred and twenty dirhams [seventeen hundred and fifty grams] of wheat or flour or its equivalent in gold or silver money to one or more poor people. The total amount may also be given to one poor person all at once at the beginning or end of Ramadan. If he recovers after giving the fidya he performs his fasts of Ramadan as well as his fasts of qada. If he dies without giving the fidya, he wills (before dying) for isqat. If he is poor, he does not give the fidya. He prays. If an old or ill person of this kind cannot fast in hot or cold season, he makes qada in any season suitable for him.

A person who cannot perform the salat standing as he fasts, fasts and performs the salat sitting. If a person breaks the fast or if a child becomes pubert or if a disbeliever becomes a Muslim or if a musafir (visitor) comes back to the city where his home is or if a woman becomes pure (of menstruation); they must abstain (from eating, etc.) as if they were fasting. The musafir and the woman make qada of that day later.