Importance Of Health In Islam (Part 1)

Our Prophet 'sall-Allâhu alaihi wa sallam' praised medical science in various ways. For example, he declared: "Knowledge is of two kinds: physical knowledge and religious knowledge." That is, by saying that the most necessary kinds of knowledge are religious knowledge, which will protect the soul, and knowledge of health, which will protect the body, he declared that first of all it is necessary to try to keep the soul and the body healthy. This hadîth-i-sherîf is written on the three hundred and eighty-first page of the book Riyâd-un-nâsikhîn, which also writes that it has been quoted from the book Zubda-tul-akhbâr. There are also those (savants) who say that these are the words of Imâm-i Shâfi'î 'rahmatullâhi ta'âlâ aleyh'. Every word of this great imâm is an explanation of âyat-i-kerîmas and hadîth-i-sherîfs. Islam commands us to learn physical knowledge before religious knowledge. For all kinds of virtuous deeds can be done with a healthy body.
As it is taught in all universities today, medical science is of two sections: the first one is hygiene, that is, the preservation of health; the second one is therapeutics, the treatment of diseases. The first one is of primary importance. It is the first task of medical science to protect people against diseases, to preserve their health. For the most part, a diseased person remains damaged and unhealthy, even if he is cured. Islam has guaranteed and ensured hygiene, the first task of medical science. In the second part of Mawâhib-i ladunniyya, it is proved through âyat-i-kerîmas that Qur'ân-al-kerîm recommends both sections of medical science.
Rasûlullah 'sall-Allâhu alaihi wa sallam' used to correspond with Heraclius, the Greek Byzantine emperor. They used to exchange messages. We can read the words and the letters of both parties in books. The originals of the letters exist in the two hundred and thirty-eighth page of the Turkish translation of Mawâhib-i ladunniyya.