From Where Shall We Learn Our Religion? (Part 2)

To be a religious savant, it is necessary to know contemporary knowledge of science and art to the extent of a graduate level at the faculties of science and letters, to receive a doctorate degree in these branches, to know the Qur'ân al-kerîm and its meaning by heart, to know thousands of hadîths and their meanings by heart, to be specialized in the twenty main branches of Islamic knowledge, to know well the eighty sections of these branches, to have efficiency in the delicate points of the four Madhhabs, to reach the grade of ijtihâd in these madhhabs, and to reach the highest grade of tasawwuf called "Wilâyat-i Khâssa-i Muhammadiyya."
Where is such a savant now? I wonder if those who are known as religious men and who know Arabic perfectly could read and understand the books of those great people? If there were such a savant today, no one could attack the religion, and the false heroes who bluster shameless slanders would look for a place to take shelter.
Formerly, in madrasas and mosques, also contemporary scientific knowledge was taught. Islamic savants used to be brought up well versed in scientific knowledge. The Tanzîmat Kanunu (Reorganization Law), which the freemason Rashid Pasha prepared in cooperation with the British Ambassador and announced on 26 Sha'bân 1255 [1839 A. D.], during the reign of Sultan 'Abdulmajîd, prohibited the instruction of scientific subjects in madrasas. This was the first step taken towards the stratagem of educating ignorant men of religion.
Once there were many such savants. One of them was Imâm-i Muhammad Ghazâlî (rahmatullahi 'alaih). His work is a witness to his depth in religious knowledge and his high grade in ijtihâd. He who reads and understands these writings of his will know him. He who does not know him will attempt to impute his own defects to him. In order to understand a savant, one has to be a savant. He was specialized in all the branches of the scientific knowledge of his time, too. He was the Rector of Baghdad University. After learning Greek, the second language of that time, in two years, he examined Roman and Greek philosophy and science, and proclaimed their errors, their disgrace in his books. He wrote about the rotation of the earth, the structure of matter, the calculations of solar and lunar eclipses and many other technical and social facts.
Another Islamic savant was Imâm-i Rabbânî Ahmad-i Fârûqî. It has been unanimously stated by religious authorities that his depth in religious knowledge, his high grade in ijtihâd, and especially his perfection in tasawwuf were above the mind's ability to comprehend. The books that have appeared recently in the United States have begun to be illuminated by the rays of this sun of happiness.