Breadcrumbs

To Give The Zakat Of One's Property

The third fundamental of Islam is "to give the zakat of one's property. " The literal meaning of zakat is 'purity, to praise, and become good and beautiful. ' In Islam, zakat [1] means 'for a person who has property of zakat more than he needs and at a certain amount called nisab [2] to separate a certain amount of his property and to give it to Muslims named in the Qur'an al-karim without reproaching them. ' Zakat is given to seven kinds of people. There are four types of zakat in all of the four madhhabs [3]: the zakat of gold and silver, the zakat of commercial goods, the zakat of the stock animals [sheep, goats and cattle] that graze in the fields for more than half a year, and the zakat of all kinds of substances of necessity issuing from the earth. This fourth type of zakat, called 'ushr [4], is given as soon as the crop is harvested. The other three are given one year after they reach the amount of nisab.

[1] zakat: (fard duty of giving annually) certain amount of certain kinds of property to certain kinds of people, by which the remaining property becomes purified and blessed and the Muslim who gives it protects himself against being (called) a miser. See chapter 1 in Endless Bliss V.
[2] nisab: minimum quantity of specified wealth which makes one liable to do some certain duties.
[3] madhhab: all of what a profound 'alim of (especially) Fiqh (usually one of the four-Hanafi, Shafi'i, Maliki, Hanbali) or iman (one of the two, namely Ash-ari, Maturidi) communicated.
[4] 'ushr: a kind of zakat.