The Advantages Of Making Tawba

It is stated in a hadith-i-sharif [1]: "A person who makes tawba [2] becomes as (clean as) if he had never sinned." And in another: "A person who makes istighfar [3] with his speech but never feels sorry for the sin he committed is one who continues sinning. He is teasing Allahu ta'ala." Making istighfar means saying the word "Astaghfirullah".

Muhammad 'Uthman Hindi 'quddisa sirruh' states as follows in the Farisi language in his book Fawaid-i-'Uthmaniyya: "You want me to write specific prayers for health for you. For health, (make tawba all the time and) say the prayer of istighfar every now and then, [that is, say, Astaghfirullah al'azim wa atubu ilayh']!" It is very effective against cares and afflictions. The fifty-second ayat [4] of Sura [5] Hud purports: "Say (the prayer of) istighfar! (If you do so) I shall come to you rescue." Istighfar will make one attain all sorts of wishes as well as good health.

It is stated in a hadith-i-sharif: "If a slave commits a sin and then repents, Allahu ta'ala will forgive him even before he says (the prayer of) istighfar." And in another: "Make tawba even if your sins (make up piles which) reach skies. Allahu ta'ala will accept your tawba."

These hadith-i-sharifs concern those sins which do not involve violating others' rights. It is stated in a hadith-i-sharif: There are three kinds of sins: "Three types of sin are: The sin that will not be forgiven in the last Judgement day (Qiyamat); the sin that is not discontinued; and the sin which will be forgiven if Allahu ta'ala wishes." The sin which will absolutely not be forgiven in the last Judgement day is, "shirk" [6]. "Shirk" in this context is all kinds of disbelief. Sins that are not discontinued are the sins which involve violating others' rights. The sins which will be forgiven if Allahu ta'ala wishes are the sins which do not involve violating others' rights.

[1] hadith (sharif): i) a saying of the Prophet ('alaihi 's-salam).; al-Hadith ash-sharif: all the hadiths as a whole; ii) 'ilm al-hadith; iii) Books of the hadith ash-sharif. iv) Al-hadith al-qudsi, as-sahih, al-hasan: kinds of hadiths (for which, see Endless Bliss, II).
[2] tawba: (after committing a sin) to repent, to promise Allah not to do it again, to entreat Him for forgiveness. Everyone does his tawba by himself.
[3] istighfar: prayer for repentance; prescribed prayer recited in order to entreat Allahu ta'ala for forgiveness.
[4] ayat: A verse of al-Qur'an al-karim; al-ayat al-karima.
[5] suura(t): a Qur'anic chapter [a chapter of the Qur'an].
[6] shirk: (statement, action causing) polytheism; ascribing a partner to Allahu ta'ala.