Breadcrumbs

Chastity (Iffat) Begets Twelve Virtues

1– Shame (haya): Feeling of shame when one commits evil deeds.

2– Meekness (rifq): Literal meaning of this word is pitying and helping others, but its special meaning in the knowledge of ethics is obedience to the rules of Islam.

3– Guidance to the right path (hidayat): Striving to be a good-natured Muslim.

4– Being peaceful (musalamat): At times of altercation and turmoil, a Muslim with this virtue wants to be agreeable and does not want to argue or be harsh.

5– Tranquility: Having control over the nafs; controlling the desires of the nafs when it overflows with appetite.

6– Fortitude (sabr): To avoid prohibited actions (harams) and base desires of the nafs, which will protect from conduct causing disgrace. There are two types of patience. The first is having patience against committing sins. The devil, evil company, and the human nafs encourage a human being to commit sins. It is a very blessed act, which yields a lot of thawab, to resist their temptations patiently. The patience which is dealt with in this context is of this kind. The second kind of patience is to remain calm and not to yell when a disaster strikes. Most people understand this type of patience when patience is mentioned. This type of patience also causes plenty of thawab. It is obligatory (fard) to exercise both types of patience.

7– Contentment (qana'at): To be content with the minimum with respect to the necessities of life (nafaka) such as eating, drinking, dress and shelter and not asking for more. We do not mean not accepting a given property. That is called (taqtir) and it is a vice. Neither wisdom nor Islam likes it. Contentment is a good virtue or habit.

8– Dignity (waqar): It is to act with gravity, calmness and not to act with rashness while trying to obtain necessities (ihtiyaj) and other valuables. It means dignified behaviour. It does not mean to act so slowly as to miss opportunities or to act in such a way that others will seize one's benefits or opportunities.

9– Piety (wara'): It is to abstain from committing prohibited actions as well as abstaining from things that are doubtful, i.e. things that could be haram. It is also doing good deeds and other actions which are useful to others. It is to avoid inadequate and negligent attitude.

10– Orderliness (intizam): It is to do one's work in an order or discipline or method.

11– Freedom (hurriyyat): It is to earn money by permissible means and to spend for good causes. It is to observe others' rights. Freedom does not mean to do whatever one wishes or wants.

12– Munificence (sekhawat): It is to derive pleasure from spending money for good causes. It is to spend lovingly for the causes which Islam dictates. Munificence means to be generous. It is one of the best virtues, and is commended in ayat-i-kerimas and hadith-i sharifs.