As-sifat Adh- Dhatiyye And As-sifat Ath-thubutiyya Of Allahu Ta'ala

The 'ulama' [1] of Islam said that every discreet male or female Muslim, who has reached the age of puberty, ought to know and believe in the as-Sifat adh-Dhatiyya and as-Sifat ath- Thubutiyya of Allahu ta'ala correctly. It is this which is primarily obligatory (fard) for everybody.

As-Sifat adh-Dhatiyya of Allahu ta'ala are six: al-Wujud, existence; al- Qidam, being without beginning, and eternal in the past; al-Baqa', being without end, and eternal in the future; al-Wahdaniyya, having no partner or match; al-Mukhalafatu li-l-hawadith, being dissimilar to every creature in every respect; al-Qiyamu bi nafsihi, self-existence or being unneedy of anything for His existence. No creature has any of these six attributes, nor any relation with them. They belong to Allahu ta'ala exclusively. Some 'ulama' said that al-Mukhalafatu li 'l-hawadith and al-Wahdaniyya were the same and that as-Sifat adh-Dhatiyya are five.

We see that the classes of beings are in an astounding order, and science finds out new laws of this order each year. The Creator of this order must be Hayy (Ever-living), 'Alim (Allknowing), Qadir (Almighty), Murid (All-willing), Sami' (Allhearing), Basir (All-seeing), Mutakallim (All-speaking) and Khaliq (All-creating). These are the eight Sifat ath-Thubitiyya of Allahu ta'ala. Death, ignorance, incapability or being disposed under others' compulsion, deafness, blindness and dumbness are all defects, imperfections. It is impossible that such defective attributes be in Him who has created this 'alam or ka'inat (all beings) in such an order and who protects them against annihilation. Moreover, we see the above attributes of perfection also in creatures. He has created them in His creatures. If these attributes did not exist in Him, how could He create them in His creatures, and would not His creatures be superior to Him?

We should also add that in Him who has created all these worlds of beings there should exist all the attributes of perfection and superiority and none of the attributes of deficiency, for, one defective cannot be creative. Let alone these reasonable evidences, ayat-i karimas [2] and hadith-i sharifs [3] explain clearly that Allahu ta'ala has the attributes of perfection. Therefore, it is not permissible to doubt it. Doubt causes disbelief. The above-given eight attributes of perfection are called as-Sifat ath-Thubutiyya. Allahu ta'ala has all the eight attributes of perfection. There is no defect, disorder or change in His Person, Essence, Attributes or Deeds.

[1] 'ulama': pl. of 'alim; 'ulama' ar-rasihin, those learned in both zahiri and batini sciences.
[2] ayat: A verse of al-Qur'an al-karim; al-ayat al-karima.
[3] hadith (sharif): i) a saying of the Prophet ('alaihi 's-salam).; al-Hadith ash-sharif: all the hadiths as a whole; ii) 'ilm al-hadith; iii) Books of the hadith ash-sharif. iv) Al-hadith al-qudsi, as-sahih, al-hasan: kinds of hadiths (for which, see Endless Bliss, II).