Importance Of Health In Islam (Part 1)


Our Prophet 'sall-Allahu alaihi wa sallam' has praised medical science in various ways. For example, he declared: "Knowledge is of two kinds: physical knowledge and religious knowledge. " That is, by saying that the most necessary kinds of knowledge are religious knowledge, which will protect the soul, and knowledge of health, which will protect the body, he declared that first of all it is necessary to try to keep the soul and the body healthy. This hadith-i-sharif [1] is written on the three hundred and eighty-first page of the book Riyad-un-nasikhin, which also writes that it has been quoted from the book Zubda-tul-akhbar. There are also those (savants) who say that these are the words of Imam-i Shafi'i 'rahmatullahi ta'ala alaih'. Every word of this great imam is an explanation of ayat-i karimas [2] and hadith-i sharifs. Islam commands us to learn physical knowledge before religious knowledge. For all kinds of virtuous deeds can be done with a healthy body.

As it is taught in all universities today, medical science is of two sections: the first one is hygiene, that is, the preservation of health; the second one is therapeutics, the treatment of diseases. The first one is of primary importance. It is the first task of medical science to protect people against diseases, to preserve their health. For the most part, a diseased person remains damaged and unhealthy, even if he is cured. Islam has guaranteed and ensured hygiene, the first task of medical science. In the second part of Mawahib-i ladunniyya, it is proved through ayat-i-karimas that Qur'an-al-karim recommends both sections of medical science.

Rasulullah 'sall-Allahu alaihi wa sallam' used to correspond with Heraclius, the Greek Byzantine emperor. They used to exchange messages. We can read the words and the letters of both parties in books. The originals of the letters exist in the two hundred and thirty-eighth page of the Turkish translation of Mawahib-i ladunniyya.

[1] hadith (sharif): i) a saying of the Prophet ('alaihi 's-salam).; al-Hadith ash-sharif: all the hadiths as a whole; ii) 'ilm al-hadith; iii) Books of the hadith ash-sharif. iv) Al-hadith al-qudsi, as-sahih, al-hasan: kinds of hadiths (for which, see Endless Bliss, II).
[2] ayat: A verse of al-Qur'an al-karim; al-ayat al-karima.