Barât Night

Acts of worship performed on special nights, such as the nights called Jum'a, 'Arafa, 'Iyd, Qadr, Barat, Mi'raj, 'Ashura, Mawlid and Raghaib, produce many blessings. Mawlana Muhammad Rabhami 'rahmatullahi 'alaih' states on the hundred and seventy-second page of the Indian edition of the book Riyad-un-nasihin that the great Islamic scholar Imam-i-Nawawi 'rahmatullahi 'aleyh' writes in his book Azkar that enriching one-twelfth of the night, (which makes about one hour), that is, reading Qur'an al-karim, performing salat [1], or praying during that time, stands for enriching the entire night. It makes no difference whether it is a summer night or a winter night.

BARAT NIGHT is the fifteenth night of the month of Sha'ban (tonight 23-June-2013 Gregorian calender of this year). That is, it is the night between its fourteenth and fifteenth days. In the eternal past, before creating anything, Allahu ta'ala predestined, decreed all things. Of these, He informs His angels about everything that will happen during one year on this night. On this night the Qur'an descended on to the Lawhilmahfuz. Rasulullah 'sallallahu alaihi wa sallam' would worship and pray very much during this night.

Every year [on the Barat night], the happenings of the coming year, deeds, lifetimes, causes of death, promotions and demotions, and everything, are recorded in the Lawh-il-mahfuz.

Hadith-i sharifs [2] declare as follows:

"Jabrail 'alaihissalam' came to me and said, "Get up, perform salat and pray! Tonight is the fifteenth night of Sha'ban." Allahu ta'ala forgives those who respect this night. Only, He does not forgive polytheists, sorcerers, witches, misers, those who have alcoholic drinks, those who take interest and those who commit fornication."

"Know that Barat Night is an opportunity, a great fortune! For, it is a certain night. It is the fifteenth night of Sha'ban. Qadr Night is very great, but it is not known forcertain which night it is. Worship very much on this night. Or else you will repent on the Judgement Day!"

The gates of [Allah's] Compassion are opened on four nights. Prayers or istighfars (repentance) done on these nights will not be refused. The first nights of the 'Iyd of Fitr and Qurban (Sacrifice), the fifteenth night of Sha'ban [Barat] and Arafa Night.

[1] salat: i) prayer; (with salam)= salawat; ii) ritual prayer of at least two rak'as; "namaz", in Persian; salat janaza: funeral prayer.
[2] hadith (sharif): i) a saying of the Prophet ('alaihi 's-salam).; al-Hadith ash-sharif: all the hadiths as a whole; ii) 'ilm al-hadith; iii) Books of the hadith ash-sharif. iv) Al-hadith al-qudsi, as-sahih, al-hasan: kinds of hadiths (for which, see Endless Bliss, II).