Importance Of Salat (Part 1)


Hadrat [1] Abdullah-i Dahlawi says in the eighty-fifth letter of his book Maktubat:

We have been ordered by Allah's Prophet to perform salat [2] in jama'at (congregation), to perform it with tumaninat [3], to fulfil qawma [4] after the ruku' (bowing position during salat) and jalsa between the two sajdas (prostrations). There are savants who say that qawma and jalsa are fard (obligatory). Qadihan, one of the muftis of the Hanafi Madhhab [5], has informed that these two are wajib [6], that sajda-i sahw [7] is wajib when one forgets one of the two, that he who omits them on purpose has to perform the salat again. Also, those who said that they were sunnat-i mu'akkada [8] said that they were the sunnats that were close to wajib. It is disbelief to neglect the sunnat by slighting it, deeming it unimportant.

Various kayfiyyats and hals are enyojed during the qiyam (standing position), the ruku', the qawma, the jalsa, the sajdas, and the sitting positions in salat. All kinds of worship have been accumulated in salat. Reading the Qur'an, saying subhanallah [which means, "I deem Allah far from any defects whatsoever,"] saying salawat for Rasulullah's soul, saying the prayer of istighfar (begging Allah for His forgiveness) for one's sins, and asking for what one needs only from Allahu ta'ala and praying to Him only have all been accumulated in salat. Trees, plants stand upright like standing in salat. Animals represent the position of ruku', and the lifeless, spread out on the ground, represent the qa'da, sitting posture, in salat. He who performs salat does all these kinds of worship done by them. Performing salat became fard on the night of Mi'raj. A Muslim who performs salat with the intention of following Allah's beloved Prophet, who was honoured with Mi'raj at that night, gets exalted to high grades like the exalted Prophet. Those who perform salat in serenity, having the adab due towards Allahu ta'ala and His Messenger, realize that they have gone up to these grades.

[1] Hadrat: title of respect used before the names of great people like and Islamic scholars.
[2] salat: i) prayer; (with salam)= salawat; ii) ritual prayer of at least two rak'as; "namaz", in Persian; salat janaza: funeral prayer.
[3] Tumaninat: see first and second fascicles of Endless Bliss.
[4] qawma: standing upright and motionless after ruku.
[5] madhhab: all of what a profound 'alim of (especially) Fiqh (usually one of the four-Hanafi, Shafi'i, Maliki, Hanbali) or iman (one of the two, namely Ash-ari, Maturidi) communicated.
[6] wajib: (act, thing) never omitted by the Prophet, so almost as compulsory as fard and not to be omitted. Wajib al-wujud: Being whose existence is indispensable and nonexistence is impossible.
[7] Sajda-i sahw: two sajdas (prostrations) done as soon as namaz is over in order to have some errors forgiven that may have been done while performing namaz.
[8] Sunnat: i) (when used alone) The Shari'at; ii) (when used together with the name Book) The hadith of the Prophet. iii) (when used together with the word Fard) Any action, word or thought liked and commanded by the Prophet.