Islâm And The Natural Sciences

Europeans took many of the fundamentals of their scientific understanding from the Muslim world. For example, Europeans thought that the earth was flat like a tray and was surrounded by a wall, while Muslims had realized the fact that it was a rotating globe. This is written in detail in the books Sharh-ul mawâqif and Ma'rifatnâma. They measured the length of the meridian on the Sinjar Desert, which is near Mosul, and their measurement tallies with today's findings. Nûr-ud-dîn Batrûjî, who died in 581 (1185), was a professor of astronomy at an Islamic University in Andalusia. His book Al-Hayât reflects today's astronomical information. When Galileo, Copernicus and Newton studied Muslims' books and stated that the earth was rotating, their statements were deemed heresy. Galileo, as we have said above, was subjected to a trial and was sentenced to imprisonment by Christian priests. The natural sciences were also studied and taught in the time's Islamic madrasas. The Andalusian madrasas guided the whole world in this respect.

The person who first explored that germs caused diseases was Ibni Sinâ, who was educated in a Muslim environment. It was 900 years ago when he said, "It is a very little worm that makes every disease. It is a shame we do not have an apparatus to see them."

One of the great Islamic doctors, Abû Bakr Râzî (rahimahullâhu ta'âlâ) (854- 52), was the first to distinguish between scarlatina, measles, and smallpox, which were thought to be the same one disease during that time. The books of such Islamic scholars were taught in all the universities of the world throughout the Middle Ages. While the mentally-handicapped were being burned alive because they were "possessed by Satan" in the Western world, hospitals had been constructed in the Eastern world for the medical treatment of such patients.

Today, everyone with an objective mind admits the facts written above, i.e., the fact that positive knowledge and science was first founded by Muslims. Ibni Sinâ (Avicenna) Husain, passed away in Hamadan in 428 (1037 A.D.). This, too, is also confirmed by many Western scholars. However, some enemies of Islam, who infiltrated into Muslim countries, masqueraded as Muslims, somehow drew Muslim audiences and began to foist their heresies on Muslims. They told uneducated people about their new scientific findings and facilities, and about the new weapons they produced. Then they deceived the ignorant, saying, "These are non-Muslim findings, those who use them will become non-Muslims." They caused the Muslims to forget Allâhu ta'âlâ's command: "Learn everything." The efforts of these people was one of the main reasons for the decline of the East. The Western world became superior with its new weapons and technology. On the one hand, these insidious enemies of the Islamic religion deceived Muslims in this way, and, on the other hand, they said: "Muslims do not like science; they do not want constructive knowledge; Islam is fanaticism and it means going backwards." They tried to alienate Muslim youngsters from their Islamic heritage and destroy the future of Islam.