Kaffârat Of Fast

A slave is manumited for the kaffârat of a fast. He who cannot manumit a slave fasts successively for sixty days. After sixty days, he makes qadâ for each day which he did not fast.

A person who has debts of kaffârat for several past Ramadâns or who has had two days each requiring a kaffârat for the same Ramadân makes only one kaffârat for both if he has not made kaffârat for the first one. But if he has made the first kaffârat he makes the second one, too.

If the fast of kaffârat is broken for excusable reasons such as illness and travel or because it is intervened by days of 'Iyd or by Ramadân, it is necessary to fast for sixty days anew. If one does not break it on days of 'Iyd, one still has to begin anew. If a woman breaks it because of menstruation or lochia, she does not begin it anew. She completes it to sixty when she becomes pure. Yet if one of the same reasons, (i. e. menstruation or lochia), interrupts a woman's fast of kaffârat for a (broken) oath, which consists of fasting for three successive days, she has to fast for three successive days anew. One must begin one's fast of kaffârat at such a time that it should not coincide with Ramadân or with any 'Iyd. If one begins one's fast of kaffârat on the first day of Rajab and if the sixty days are not completed by the last day of Sha'bân, one intends for going on a journey of three days' distance and leaves one's town. One intends for the fast of kaffârat on the first day of Ramadân [Eshbah]. For it is not fard for a musâfir to perform the fast of Ramadân; he is permitted to make qadâ of it later.

If a person is continuously ill or too old to fast for sixty days, he feeds sixty poor people one day. (To do this) it is necessary to give two complete meals to sixty hungry poor people in one day. It is not necessary for all of them to eat on the same day.