Madhhab Of Sahaba And Tabi'un (Ridwanullahi Alaihim) [Part 2]


The author of the book Mizan-ul kubra (rahmatullahi ta'ala 'aleyh) writes in its preface: "All the forgotten Madhhabs [1] and the present four are sahih [2] and valid. None of them is superior to any other, because they all depend on the same sources of Islam. Each Madhhab has those things which are easy to do (rukhsa) as well as difficult ones ('azima). If a person, though he can do the 'azima, tries to do the rukhsa instead, he will have made a game of Islam. He who has an excuse [unable to do the 'azima] may do the rukhsa. His doing the rukhsa deserves as much thawab (reward) as would be the case if he had done the 'azima. It is wajib [3] for an able person to do the 'azima instead of the rukhsa of his own Madhhab. Furthermore, if some action which has an easy way only in his own Madhhab has also a difficult way in another Madhhab, it will be wajib for him to do the latter. One should very much avoid disliking the words of any of the a'immat al-madhahib or hold one's own opinion superior to theirs. Others' knowledge and comprehension are next to nothing when compared with those of mujtahids [4]."

Since it is not permissible for a person who has no excuse to act in accordance with the rukhsa of his own Madhhab, it is understood that it is never permissible to search for the rukhsas of other Madhhabs, which is called the talfiq of Madhhab.

[1] madhhab: all of what a profound 'alim of (especially) Fiqh (usually one of the four-Hanafi, Shafi'i, Maliki, Hanbali) or iman (one of the two, namely Ash-ari, Maturidi) communicated.
[2] sahih: i) religiously lawful, valid; congruous to Islam; ii) (of a hadith) soundly transmitted, authentic according to the conditions laid by the scholars of hadith.
[3] wajib: (act, thing) never omitted by the Prophet, so almost as compulsory as fard and not to be omitted. Wajib al-wujud: Being whose existence is indispensable and nonexistence is impossible.
[4] mujtahid: great 'alim capable of employing ijtihad; mujtahid imam, mujtahid mufti.