Qada', Qadar, And Tawakkul


"Having misunderstood qada' [1], qadar [2] and tawakkul [3], Muslims have become lazy and then their morality has been spoiled and they have dived into evils. Isn't that right?"

It may be right. When such evils as flattery and mendacity appear in some Muslims, they will wholely forget about qada', qadar and tawakkul. Then what must be done is not to correct their understanding but to make them believe again. If, instead of doing this, qadar and tawakkul are spoken ill of, they will be altogether alienated from these. We should not blame qada', qadar and tawakkul but condemn their bad behaviors.

Tawakkul is not a weakness but a power in Muslims, who practise tawakkul because it is commanded by Islam. Islam, while commanding tawakkul, prohibits laziness. The ayats [4], "Endeavour in the way of Allahu ta'ala, which is the righteous way", and, "The person who has the heaviest burden is Muslim who thinks of both this world and the next world and works for both," and the hadith [5], "Allahu ta'ala does not excuse incapacity, slackness. You should utilize your brains and intellect! Even if the difficulty of the job seems to overcome you, you should keep on working, saying, 'Allahu ta'ala's help is sufficient for me!' " are the evidences for this fact. The hadith, "Tether your camel and put your trust in Allahu ta'ala!" openly declares that it is necessary both to have tawakkul and to work. Muslim scholars have told and written these commands of Islam in books in every country in every century.

Tawakkul does not mean not to work and become lazy. Tawakkul is done for beginning a job and accomplishing the job begun. It helps to remove the fear of failing in a difficult job. The proof of this is the ayat, "When you begin any work, have tawakkul in Allahu ta'ala, trust in Him!" This ayat points out that, besides tawakkul, not only labour but also determination, which is above labour, is necessary. Then every Muslim should work, be determined and then trust in Allah.

Religion reformers say that man should trust in himself, and Muslims say that he must put his trust in Allah only. Because the enemies of Islam do not believe in tawakkul and for replacing the power and courage granted by tawakkul, they are compelled to meet this need with the word self-reliance. It is seen that tawakkul is not unnecessary for Muslims. Some being to be trusted in is necessary.

[1] qada': i) decree of a qadi (Muslim judge); ii) performance of an 'ibada after its due time.
[2] qadar Allahu ta'ala's predestination in eternity of things that have been and will be created from eternity in the past to the everlasting future.
[3] tawakkul: trusting in, expecting everything from Allahu ta'ala exclusively; expecting from Allahu ta'ala the effectiveness of the cause after working or holding on to the cause – before which tawakkul is unadvised. See Endless Bliss III, 35.
[4] ayat: A verse of al-Qur'an al-karim; al-ayat al-karima.
[5] hadith (sharif): i) a saying of the Prophet ('alaihi 's-salam).; al-Hadith ash-sharif: all the hadiths as a whole; ii) 'ilm al-hadith; iii) Books of the hadith ash-sharif. iv) Al-hadith al-qudsi, as-sahih, al-hasan: kinds of hadiths (for which, see Endless Bliss, II).