Should The Four Madhhabs Be United? (Part 1)


Recently some people like Maudoodi of Pakistan and Sayyid Qutb and Rashid Rida of Egypt have appeared. They and those who have been deceived by reading their books say that the four Madhhabs [1] should be united and that Islam should be made easy by selecting and gathering the rukhsas [2] of the four Madhhabs. They defend this idea with their short minds and deficient knowledge. A glance over their books will show at once the fact that they know nothing about tafsir [3], hadith [4], usul or fiqh [5], and that they reveal their ignorance through their unsound logic and false writings. Consider the following:

1) The 'ulama' [6] of the four madhhabs say, "The mulfiq's deduction is incorrect," that is, an 'ibada (worshipping) performed by following more than one Madhhab at the same time will be batil (invalid), not sahih, when this performance is not sahih in any one of the Madhhabs. A person who does not obey the unanimity of the 'ulama' of the four Madhhabs (rahmatullahi ta'ala 'alaihim ajma'in) will not be in any Madhhab. He will be a la madhhabi. Deeds of such a la-madhhabi person will not be compatible with Islam. They will be worthless. He will have made a game of Islam.

[1] madhhab: all of what a profound 'alim of (especially) Fiqh (usually one of the four-Hanafi, Shafi'i, Maliki, Hanbali) or iman (one of the two, namely Ash-ari, Maturidi) communicated.
[2] rukhsa: to permit; easy way of doing a religious act or affair.
[3] tafsir: (book, science, of) interpretation of the Qur'an al karim.
[4] hadith (sharif): i) a saying of the Prophet ('alaihi 's-salam).; al-Hadith ash-sharif: all the hadiths as a whole; ii) 'ilm al-hadith; iii) Books of the hadith ash-sharif. iv) Al-hadith al-qudsi, as-sahih, al-hasan: kinds of hadiths (for which, see Endless Bliss, II).
[5] fiqh: knowledge dealing with what Muslims should do and should not do; actions, a'mal, 'ibadat.
[6] 'ulama': pl. of 'alim; 'ulama' ar-rasihin, those learned in both zahiri and batini sciences.