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The Fast Of Ramadân

The fourth of the five principles of Islam is to fast every day in the blessed month of Ramadân. The fast became fard on the tenth day of the month of Sha'bân eighteen months after the Hegira and a month before the Ghazâ (Holy War) of Bedr. Ramadân means to burn. Sins of those who fast and beg Allah for forgiveness in this month burn and perish. Hadîth-i sherîfs declare as follows:

"When the month of Ramadân comes, the doors of Paradise are opened and the doors of Hell are closed, and the devils are tied."

"O Muslims! Such a great month is about to overshadow you that one night [Qadr night] in this month is more beneficial than a thousand months. Allâhu ta'âlâ has commanded fasting every day during this month. Also, it is a sunna to perform the namâz of tarâwih at nights during this month. Doing a small favour for Allah's sake during this month is like doing the fard in other months. Doing the fard in this month is like doing seventy fards in other months. This month is the month of patience. The place where the patient person will go is Paradise. This month is the month of getting along well. There is an increase in the subsistence of Believers during this month. If a person gives iftâr to a fasting person in this month his sins will be forgiven. Allâhu ta'âlâ will manumit him from Hell-fire. And he will be given as many blessings as will be that fasting person."

"If a person knows it as a fard and as a duty to fast in the month of Ramadân and if he expects its thawâb from Allâhu ta'âlâ, his past sins will be pardoned."