The Five Principles Of Islam


Hadrat [1] Imam-i Rabbani says in the 67th letter of the second volume of his Maktubat:

The first principle of Islam is belief in Allahu ta'ala and His Prophet. That is, it is to love them, like and admit their words.

After correcting the belief, it is certainly necessary to do the commands of the Shari'at [2], to refrain from its prohibitions, that is, to carry out the rules of Islam. One should perform salat [3] five times without being slack or lazy. One should perform it with ta'dil-i arkan [4] and in jama'at (congregation). "It is salat which distinguishes the Muslim from the disbeliever. " [A person who performs salat correctly and well is a Muslim. If a person performs salat incorrectly or does not perform it at all, his being a Muslim is doubtful. ] When a person performs salat correctly and well, he has held fast to Islam's rope. For, salat is the second of Islam's five principles.

Islam's third principle is to pay zakat [5].

Islam's fourth principle is to fast every day in the blessed month of Ramadan.

Its fifth principle is to perform hajj (pilgrimage) by making tawaf [6] around the Ka'ba-i mu'azzama.

Islam's first principle, iman (belief), is to believe with the heart and express it with the tongue. And the other four principles are the worships that are to be done with the body and intended with the heart. Salat, which has accumulated all worships in itself, is the highest of all. On the Day of Judgement the first questioning will be on salat. If salat is correct, all the other questions, with the help of Allahu ta'ala, will pass easily.

[1] Hadrat: title of respect used before the names of great people like and Islamic scholars.
[2] Shari'at: (pl. of Shari'a) i) rules and commandments as a whole of the religion. ii) religion.
[3] salat: i) prayer; (with salam)= salawat; ii) ritual prayer of at least two rak'as; "namaz", in Persian; salat janaza: funeral prayer.
[4] ta'dil al-arkan: keeping the body motionless for a while after becoming calm during and between the various acts in salat.
[5] zakat: (fard duty of giving annually) certain amount of certain kinds of property to certain kinds of people, by which the remaining property becomes purified and blessed and the Muslim who gives it protects himself against being (called) a miser. See chapter 1 in Endless Bliss V.
[6] tawaf: the 'ibada of going round the Ka'ba in Mekka during hajj.