The Fundamentals Of Islam (Part 2)


The literal meaning of 'Islam' is 'to yield and submit.' Rasulullah (sall-Allahu ta'ala 'alaihi wa sallam) explained that the word 'islam' was the name of the five basic pillars in Islam, as follows:

Rasulullah (sall-Allahu ta'ala alaihi wa sallam) said that the first of the five fundamentals of Islam was "to say the kalimat ash-shahada[1]"; that is, one should say, "Ash'hadu an la ilaha illa'llah wa ash'hadu anna Muhammadan 'abduhu wa rasuluhu." In other words, a discreet person who has reached the age of puberty and who can talk has to say vocally, "On the earth or in the sky, there is no one but Allahu ta'alaworthy of worship. The real being to be worshipped is Allahu ta'ala alone. He is the Wajib al-wujud. Every kind of superiority exists in Him. No defect exists in Him. His name is Allah," and to believe in this absolutely with all his heart. And also one should say and believe: "The exalted person who had a rose-pink skin, a white-reddish, bright and lovely face, black eyes and eye-brows; who had a blessed wide forehead, with a good temper; who shed no shadow on the ground, was soft-spoken and was called Arab because he was born in Mecca of Hashemite-descent, named Muhammad ibn 'Abdullah, is Allahu ta'ala's human slave ('abd) and messenger (rasul)." The Prophet's mother was Hadrat [2] Amina bint Wahab. He was born in Mekka [at the dawn of Monday, 20th of April, 571]. When he was forty, in the year called the 'Bi'that' year, he was informed that he was the Prophet. After this, he invited people to Islam for thirteen years in Mecca. Then he emigrated to Medina on the command of Allahu ta'ala. There he spread Islam everywhere. Ten years later, he passed away in Medina on Monday 12, Rabi' al-Awwal (July, 632).[1]

[1] kalimat ash-shahada: the phrase beginning with "Ashhadu..." The first of the five fundamentals of Islam; declaring one's belief in Islam.
[2] Hadrat: title of respect used before the names of great people like and Islamic scholars.