The Qur'an Al-Karim


Qur'an al-karim is nazm-i ilahi (the divine verse). The lexical meaning of nazm is to string pearls. It has been called nazm also because words are arranged side by side like pearls. Each poem is a nazm. The Qur'an's words are in Arabic. However, Allahu ta'ala arranged these words side by side. These words were not arranged by any human being. When the words inspired into his blessed heart by Allahu ta'ala were spoken by him in Arabic, they were not included in the Qur'an al-karim. These words are called hadith-i qudsi.

Words in Qur'an al-karim, having been arranged by Allahu ta'ala, descended in ayats (verses). An angel named Jabrail (Gabriel) recited the ayats with these words and letters, and Hadrat [1] Muhammad, hearing them through his blessed ears, memorizing them and immediately recited them to his companions. Allahu ta'ala sent the Qur'an in the language of the Quraysh tribe.

The book Radd-ul-Mukhtar says on the subject of 'oath' in its third volume, "As it is said in the book Fath-ul-qadir, Allahu ta'ala sent the Qur'an in words and letters. These letters are creatures. The meaning of these words and letters carries the divine word. These words and letters are called the Qur'an. Also, the meanings indicating the divine word are the Qur'an.

The Qur'an, which is the divine word, is not a creature. It is eternal in the beginning and eternal in the end, as the other attributes of Allahu ta'ala are. The Qur'an began to descend on the Qadr Night, and it continued to descend for twenty-three years. As for the Tawrat (the book that descended to Hadrat Musa [Moses]), the Injil (the Bible), and all other books and holy pages, each of them had descended as a whole, all at once. All of them resembled human words, and they were not miracles. For that reason, they were defiled, and soon changed. But the Qur'an is one of the greatest miracles of Hadrat Muhammad, and it is unlike human words.