To Believe In Allahu Ta'ala's Prophets


The fourth of the six fundamentals of iman is "to believe in Allahu ta'ala's prophets," who were sent to make people attain the way He likes and to guide them to the right path. Literally 'rusul' (pl. of rasul) were the 'people sent, messengers. ' In Islam, 'rasul' means 'noble, respectable person whose nature, character, knowledge and intellect are higher than those of all the people of his time, having no bad trait in his character and no disliked manner. ' Prophets had the quality 'Isma, that is, they did not commit any grave or venial sins before or after they were informed of their nubuwwa (prophethood, prophetship).

After they were informed of their nubuwwa and until their nubuwwa was known and spread out, they did not have such defects as blindness, deafness or the like. It has to be believed that every prophet had seven peculiarities: Amana (trustworthiness), Sidq (devotion), Tabligh (communication), Adala (justness), 'Isma (purity), Fatana (superintelligence) and Amn al-'azl (security against dismissal from nubuwwa).

A prophet who brought a new religion is called a "rasul" (messenger). A prophet who did not bring a new religion but invited people to the previous religion is called a "nabi" (prophet). In the communication (tabligh) of commands and in calling the people to Allahu ta'ala's religion, there is no difference between a rasul and a nabi. We have to believe that all prophets, without exception, were devoted and truthful. He who does not believe in one of them is regarded as not believing in any.