Importance Of Namaz

  Since Adam (alaihissalam), there was salat [1] once a day in every shari'at [2]. All that had been performed were brought together and were made fard (obligatory) for us. Although performing salat is not a pillar of iman (belief), it is a pillar of iman to believe that salat is fard. 'Salat' means 'dua' (supplication). The ibadat (worshipping) that is commanded by the Shari'at and which we all know was named 'salat'. Performing the five daily prayers of salat is fard-i 'ayn [3] for every Muslim who has reached the age of puberty. That it is fard is openly stated in the Qur'an and hadiths. Five daily prayers of salat became a commandment on the Mi'raj [4] night. The Mi'raj happened on the twenty-seventh night of the month of Rajab a year before the Hegira. Before the Mi'raj, only the morning and afternoon prayers were performed.

  Ibn Jawzi wrote in his tafsir Almugni: Abu Bakr-i Siddiq (radiyallahu 'anh) said that, when the time of a daily prayer of salat comes, angels say, 'O the sons of Adam, stand up! Extinguish the fire prepared to burn human beings by performing salat. ' " In a hadith-i sharif [5], it was said, "The difference between the Believer and the unbeliever is salat," that is, the Believer performs salat, and the unbeliever does not. Munafiqs [6], however, sometimes perform it and sometimes do not. Munafiqs will undergo very bitter torment in Hell. Abdullah ibn Abbas (radiyallahu 'anh), the leader of mufessirs, said that he heard Rasulullah say, "Those who do not perform salat will find Allahu ta'ala angry on the Day of Resurrection. "

  The imams of hadith unanimously said, "A person who does not perform a salat in its due time intentionally, that is, if he is not sorry for not performing a salat while its due time is ending, will become a kafir or will lose his iman during his death. What will become of those who do not remember salat or see salat as a duty?" The Ahl as-Sunnat [7] savants unanimously said,"Ibadat are not a part of iman. " But there was not a unanimity concerning salat.

[1] salat: i) prayer; (with salam)= salawat; ii) ritual prayer of at least two rak'as; "namaz", in Persian; salat janaza: funeral prayer.
[2] Shari'at: (pl. of Shari'a) i) rules and commandments as a whole of the religion. ii) religion.
[3] fard 'ain: fard for every Muslim; obligation for every Muslim.
[4] Mi'raj: i) the Prophet's ascension from Jerusalem to heaven. ii)Prophet's Ascension from Jerusalem to the skies.
[5] hadith (sharif): i) a saying of the Prophet ('alaihi 's-salam).; al-Hadith ash-sharif: all the hadiths as a whole; ii) 'ilm al-hadith; iii) Books of the hadith ash-sharif. iv) Al-hadith al-qudsi, as-sahih, al-hasan: kinds of hadiths (for which, see Endless Bliss, II).
[6] munafiq: one in the disguise of a Muslim but disbelieves Islam, but believing in another religion; a hypocrite.
[7] Ahl as-Sunna (wa'l-Jama'a): the true pious Muslims who follow as-Sahabat al-kiram. These are called Sunni Muslims. A Sunni Muslim adapts himself to one of the four Madhhabs. These madhhabs are Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi'i and Hanbali.