To Jugulate Aqiqa

Aqiqa means to jugulate an animal with the intention of thanking Allahu ta'ala for the blessing of child. When the child is seven days old it is mustahab [1] to name it, to shave its head, to give as alms the hair's weight in gold or silver (only silver if it is a girl), and to kill two animals of an aqiqa for a boy and one for a girl. It is mustahab in Hanafi Madhhab [2] . The animal for aqiqa should be the same as the animal for qurban (sacrifice) . It can be killed later too. [It can be killed any time. It can be killed during the 'Iyd of qurban [3] too. It is written in Shir'a that after his prophethood, Rasulullah (sall Allahu 'alaihi wa sallam) performed aqiqa for himself. A baby born dead is not named, nor is the aqiqa performed for him]. The meat can be eaten by the person who has sacrificed the animal and can be given cooked or uncooked to anyone rich or poor.

Performing an aqiqa is sunnat-i-muakkada [4] in the Madhhabs of Shafi'i and Maliki. In the Madhhabs of Shafi'i and Hanbali, the bones are not thrown away or broken. They are separated from one another by the joints and then put together. Then they are wrapped up in clean, white cloth, and buried. The bones can be broken in the Madhhabs of Hanafi and Maliki. The aqiqa protects children against calamities and illnesses. It increases the children's intercession for their parents. It is written as follows in the first volume of Mawahib-i-leduniyya: "Ibrahim was born in the eighth year of the Hegira [5] , and on the seventh day Rasulullah had Ibrahim's hair cut, gave as alms the hair's weight in silver, and killed two rams as aqiqa. Then he buried the hair. "

[1] mustahab: (act, thing) deserving thawab if done but no sin if omitted, nor disbelief if disliked.
[2] madhhab: all of what a profound 'alim of (especially) Fiqh (usually one of the four-Hanafi, Shafi'i, Maliki, Hanbali) or iman (one of the two, namely Ash-ari, Maturidi) communicated.
[3] iyd: one of the two Islamic festivals.
[4] Sunnat-i muakkada / Sunnat-i huda: Emphatic, practised regularly by our blessed Prophet. They are the shi'âr (symptoms) of the Islamic religion. [That is, they are peculiar to Islam; they do not exist in other religions.] Sunnat-i huda are like i'tikaf in a mosque, calling the azan or iqamat, and performing salat in jama'at. They are the characteristic traits of Islam, properties peculiar to this Ummat. [It is written in Ibni Abidin, at the end of the last volume that circumcision of children is also a sunnat of this kind.] The rawatib, that is, the muakkad sunnats of three of the fard five daily prayers are of this kind, too.
[5] Hegira: emigration of the Prophet ('alaihi 's-salam) from Mekka to Medina; al-Hijra.
[6] sunnat: i) act, thing that was, though not commanded by Allahu ta'ala, done and liked by the Prophet ('alaihi 's-salam) as an 'ibada (there is thawab if done, but no sin if omitted, yet it causes sin if continually omitted and disbelief if disliked; the Sunna; i) (with fard) all the sunnas as a whole; ii) (with the Book or Qur'an al-karim) the Hadith ash-sharif; iii) (alone) fiqh, Islam.