Allahu Ta'ala Is The Creator Of Everything

Hadrat [1] Imam-i Rabbani says in the 67th letter of the second volume of his Maktubat:

As Allahu ta'ala creates men, so He creates men's deeds. All the good and bad things are by His decree and will. Yet He likes good deeds and dislikes bad deeds. Though every deed, good or evil, is by His will and creation, it would be impertinence to name Him only as the creator of one evil thing. We should not say that He is the creator of evil. We should say that He is the Creator of good and evil things. For example, we should say that He is the creator of everything. But we should not say that He is the creator of filth and swine. This is a practice of good manners towards Him.

So coarsely think the group of Mu'tazila [and some aberrant people]. They say that man creates his every deed, good or bad. Both mind and the Shari'at show that this is wrong. Those savants who told the truth, that is, the great ones of the Ahl as-sunnat [2] 'rahmatullahi alaihim ajma'in' said that man's own power also affects something he does, and they called this effect kasb (acquiring). For, there is certainly a difference between the hand's vibration and its being raised optionally. Man's power and acquiring do not interfere with the vibrations. But they interfere with the optional actions. And this much interference on their part causes questioning and punishment, and man either earns thawab or becomes sinful.

He who disbelieves man's power and option and thinks that men are incapable and compelled has not understood the words of the savants of religion. These great poeple's saying that man has power and will does not mean that man does what he wishes and does not do what he does not wish to. Being so is very far from being a slave. The words of these great people mean that man can do what he is commanded to do. For example, he can perform namaz five times each day.

Allahu ta'ala, being so merciful, with men being so weak and frail, has commanded the lightest and easiest ones of all kinds of worships. He has declared in the Qur'an, "Allahu ta'ala wishes facilities for you, not hardships. " And He declares in another ayat, "Allahu ta'ala wants to command you what is light and easy. Men are created weak and powerless. "

[1] Hadrat: title of respect used before the names of great people like and Islamic scholars.
[2] Ahl as-Sunna (wa'l-Jama'a): the true pious Muslims who follow as-Sahabat al-kiram. These are called Sunni Muslims. A Sunni Muslim adapts himself to one of the four Madhhabs. These madhhabs are Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi'i and Hanbali.