Giving Advice For The Government And All Muslims

Giving advice (nasihat) for the government of a country is to tell others that it is necessary to help those government officials who respect Allahu ta'ala and protect His religion and give freedom to people to practice their religion. It is to advise them about the truth or the correct way and to tell them that they must observe the rights of Muslims. It is not to rebel against them and not to violate the laws. It is to pray for them so that they may serve Islam and humanity. It is to pray for them in their absence and to help them financially or physically or by praying (dua) for them when they perform (jihad) [1] against disbelievers. It is to pay the tax and obligatory almsgiving. It is not to attack anyone with guns. It is to guide and lead them to the right path and justice in a soft manner without rebelling against them even when they perpetrate oppression and injustice. It is not to fawn on them and not to cause them to swerve from the right and correct way. It is to tell everyone that it is necessary not to rebel against those who are in charge of the government. It is to tell everyone that it is necessary for everyone to follow the teachings of the religious laws (fiqh [2]); ilm al-hal books [3] and ethics books written by "Ahl as-sunnat scholars" [4].

Giving advice (nasihat) for everyone is to tell them that they should perform the things that are useful for this world and the next and that they should avoid doing things harmful in this world and the next and that they should not hurt anybody and should teach others what they do not know and overlook their mistakes when it is necessary. It is to tell them that they should perform the obligatory duties and they should not do the forbidden actions and to tell these things in a soft manner. It is necessary to tell them that it is necessary to have compassion toward youngsters and have respect for the elders and treat others the same way you want them to treat you and not to treat others in such a way that you do not want to be treated. Finally, it is to tell them that they should help others financially and physically.

Our Prophet 'sall-Allahu 'alaihi wa sal-lam' states in a hadith-i sharif [5]: "Those who do not help Muslims and those who do not work for the welfare and comfort of Muslims are not one of them. Those who do not give advice for Allah, Qur'an, Rasulullah, head of the government and for all Muslims are not one of them."

[1] jihad: war against non-Muslims (or the nafs) to convert them (it) to Islam.
[2] fiqh: knowledge dealing with what Muslims should do and should not do; actions, a'mal, 'ibadat.
[3] ilm al-hal: books of Islamic teachings (of one madhhab) used to teach Muslims their religion.
[4] Ahl as-Sunna (wa'l-Jama'a): the true pious Muslims who follow as-Sahabat al-kiram. These are called Sunni Muslims. A Sunni Muslim adapts himself to one of the four Madhhabs. These madhhabs are Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi'i and Hanbali.
[5] hadith (sharif): i) a saying of the Prophet ('alaihi 's-salam).; al-Hadith ash-sharif: all the hadiths as a whole; ii) 'ilm al-hadith; iii) Books of the hadith ash-sharif. iv) Al-hadith al-qudsi, as-sahih, al-hasan: kinds of hadiths (for which, see Endless Bliss, II).