Value Of Youth Time (Part I)

This letter, written to Muhammad Sharif, explains that those who do not perform the worships and good deeds in time and who say, "I will do them tomorrow," or "I will do them later," are wrong; and that it is necessary to adhere to the way, to Hadrat Muhammad's [1] Islam.

My dear son! Today, you are in a situation that will permit you to do easily whatever you want. You are at an age when youth, health, power, strength, wealth and comfort are found together in the same place. Why do you put it off until tomorrow to hold on to the means that will cause you to attain saadat-i ebediyya (endless bliss) and to perform useful deeds?

In the days of youth the best time of man's life, man should try to do the commands of his Owner, of his Creator, and to worship Him, which is the best and the most useful of deeds. He should abstain from the harams [2], which Islam prohibits, and from what is dubious. [By dubious we mean the actions which we do not know for sure are permitted or forbidden]. He should do his best not to lose the opportunity of performing the five daily prayers of salat in jama'at [3]. It is commanded that those Muslims who have the amount of property to reach the nisab [4] must give zakat [5]. It is certainly necessary for them to give zakat. Then, one should give the zakat willingly and, even, by imploring the poor to take it. Because Allahu ta'ala is very merciful and He pities His born servants very much, He decreed only five prayers for worship in twenty-four hours and commanded giving the poor, exactly or approximately, only one-fortieth of the commercial goods and that much of the quadruped livestock that graze in fields. He prohibited a few things and gave permission to do many things.

Then it is an act of headlong obstinacy and unreasonableness not to reserve an amount of time that will not take even one hour out of twenty-four hours to do Alah's commandments or not to give one-fortieth of one's property, though one is rich, to the poor Muslims, and instead strive to do what is haram and dubious, leaving aside the innumerable permissible things.

[1] Hadrat: title of respect used before the names of great people like and Islamic scholars.
[2] haram: an action, word or thought prohibited by Allahu ta'ala.
[3] jama'at: a congregation of Muslims. One person performs namaz in the front; the others, behind him, preform it like him by adapting themselves to him. The person who performs it in the front is called the imam. Those who perform it behind him are called the jama'at.
[4] nisab: minimum quantity of specified wealth which makes one liable to do some certain duties.
[5] zakat: (fard duty of giving annually) certain amount of certain kinds of property to certain kinds of people, by which the remaining property becomes purified and blessed and the Muslim who gives it protects himself against being (called) a miser. See chapter 1 in Endless Bliss V.