Islam And Science (Part I)

Disbelievers are people who dislike the Islamic religion of the Messenger of Allah and who say that it dosen't correspond with our age, the age and science, and renegades who publicly and basely make fun of Muslims and Islam. Because remaining outside Islam befits their pleasures, lusts and inner secret desires, they call it "retrogression" to be a Muslim. They call disbelief and irreligiousness "modernism, civilization and enlightenment." Murtads [1] (renegades) are people who were born from Muslim parents and yet who know nothing of Islam. These people haven't read or understood any books by any Islamic scholar, dislike Islam and, being seized by the presentday current, say that Islam prevents progress, only in order to obtain a favour, some sympathy or something worldly.

Some of them, in order to deceive innocent children, say, "In Islam everything ends in 'said so'. It is always based upon 'said so' by saying, 'It has been said by so and so.' It is not based upon a document or a voucher, whereas other branches of knowledge are proved and are based on documents." These words of theirs manifest how ignorant they are. They have never read an Islamic book at all. Fantasizing in their imaginations something under the name of Islam, they presume that Islam is nothing but these thoughts of theirs. They don't know that the branches of knowledge and science, proofs and documents, which they consider as different and far away from Islam, are each a section, a branch of Islam. For example, all of the scientific knowledge, the books of physics, chemistry and biology that are taught in high schools today say in their initial pages, "The essence of our lesson is observation, examination and experimentation." That is, these three things are the basis of scientific knowledge. In fact, all these three are the things which Islam commands. That is, our religion commands us to learn scientific knowledge. In many places of the Qur'an al- karim [2], we are commanded to see and observe nature, that is, all creatures, living and lifeless beings.

One day his As-hab-ikiram [3] 'alaihim-ur-ridwan' asked our Prophet, "Some of us who have been to Yemen saw that they budded the date trees in a different way and got better dates. Shall we bud our trees in Medina as our fathers have been doing or as we have seen them do in Yemen, thus getting better and more plentiful dates?" Rasulullah could have answered them, "Wait a bit! When Hadrat Jabrail [4] (Gabriel) comes, I will ask him and tell you what I learn," or "I must think for a while; when Allahu ta'ala lets my heart know the truth, I will tell you." He didn't. Instead, he said, "Try it! Bud some of the trees with your father's method, and others with the method you saw being used in Yemen! Then always use the method which gives better dates!" In other words, he commanded us to experiment and to rely on experimentation, which is the basis of science. He could have learned it from the angel or no doubt, it might have materialized in his blessed heart. But he pointed out that all over the world Muslims who will exist until the end of the world should rely on experimentation and science.

[1] murtad: apostate.
[2] Qur'an al-karim: the Holy Koran.
[3] As'hab-i kiram: (as-Sahabat al-kiram); the Companions of Rasulullah.
[4] Hadrat: title of respect used before the names of great people like and Islamic scholars.