Sunnat To The Following Things On The 'iyd Days ( Part I)

'Iyd [1] means bayram. Those days are called 'Iyd because every year Muslims' sins are forgiven in the month of Ramadan and on the Arafa Day and their joy and felicity come back on those days. If the first day of 'Iyd is a Friday, both the salat of 'Iyd and the salat of Friday will be performed according to the Hanafi Madhhab [2] . They are performed in their appointed times. If there is a janaza (funeral) on the morning of the 'Iyd the salat of 'Iyd is performed first. The salat of janaza is performed after that because the salat of 'Iyd is wajib [3] for everybody. However, the salat of janaza is to be performed before the khutba [4] of the 'Iyd.

It is written in the book Ni'met-i Islam: "It is sunnat to do the following things on the 'Iyd days: to get up early; to make a ghusl [5] ; to clean the teeth with miswak to put on perfume [without alcohol]; to put on new and clean clothes; to show that you are happy; to eat sweetmeat before the prayer of the 'Iyd of Fitr; to eat dates; to eat an odd number of them; for one who performs the qurban, to eat first the meat of qurban; to perform morning prayer in the masjid [6] of one's quarter and to go a large mosque for the 'Iyd prayer; to wear a ring on that day; to go to the mosque early and to go on foot; to say the 'Iyd takbirs [7] softly on the 'Iyd of Fitr and loudly on the 'Iyd of Adha; to take a different route on one's way back [from the mosque]. This is because the places where one offers one's ibadat [8] and the routes that one takes when going for 'ibadat will stand as witnesses on the Day of Judgement; to welcome the Believers [Muslims] with a smiling face and by saying 'Salamun 'alaykum'; to give alms generously to the poor [and to give help to those who are working to disseminate true Islam]; to give the sadaqa-i fitr before the 'Iyd prayer."

[1] iyd: one of the two Islamic festivals.
[2] madhhab: all of what a profound 'alim of (especially) Fiqh (usually one of the four-Hanafi, Shafi'i, Maliki, Hanbali) or iman (one of the two, namely Ash-ari, Maturidi) communicated.
[3] wajib: (act, thing) never omitted by the Prophet, so almost as compulsory as fard and not to be omitted. Wajib al-wujud: Being whose existence is indispensable and nonexistence is impossible.
[4] khutba: the preaching delievered at mosque; the homily delivered at the pulpit by the imam at Jum'a and 'Iyd prayers ( at the prayers of Friday and of Islamic festivals), which must be read in Arabic all over the world (sinful if read in another language).
[5] ghusl: ablution of the whole body as defined in fiqh.
[6] masjid: mosque; al-Masjid al-Haram: the great mosque in Mekka; al-Masjid ash-sharif (as-Sa'ada, an-Nabi): the mosque in Medina, built in the time of the Prophet ('alaihi 's-salam) and later enlarged several times, in which his grave is.
[7] takbir: the word Allahu akbar, means: Allahu ta'ala is the greatest.
[8] ibadat: pl. of 'ibada